Broadcast
Video Integration
We Build Television & IPTV Stations and Production Facilities. Our services include architectural design, engineering, installation and training.

IPTV White Paper

What is IPTV and how does it work? IPTV is a method of distributing television signals over the Internet and to cell phones. Because the bandwidth of the Internet is limited, the video must be compressed. If the video is to be distributed live (in real time) a hardware device such as an MPEG H.264 encoder is required. If the video is not “live” (pre-recorded) it is called VOD (video on demand). In this case, the video can be compressed using software.

Why you should own an IPTV Station
On rare occasions there is an inflection point where a new paradigm is made possible by emerging technologies. Those who are able to understand and employ these new capabilities are positioned to make billions of dollars.

Recent advances in video compression algorithms combined with infrastructure improvements have made it possible to stream high definition video over the Internet. Billions of dollars have been committed to continue expanding the Internet so as to provide more and more bandwidth capacity. The newest generation of television sets has inputs that enable them to be directly connected to the Internet. In three to five years most of what we view in our homes and at work will be delivered via the Internet.


TV Pro Gear is a technological leader in the deployment of streaming media as evidenced by the projects listed below:

  • Universal Studios made a $300 million dollar partnership with Verizon to stream video to cell phones. TV Pro Gear was contracted to build the new Network Operations Center. The company also built mobile trucks to stream NASCAR and Motocross races to cell phones.

  • When AT&T needed two ultra portable, ultra high-resolution, robotically controlled multi-camera production systems, they hired TV Pro Gear to design and manufacture them.

  • Recently, NBC and the NFL started live HD streaming of Sunday Night Football to the Internet. TV Pro Gear created the CAD drawings and wired the NOC (Network Operations Center) to achieve flawless viewing to millions of viewers..

  • Apple, Panasonic, Harris and ND-Satcom partnered with TV Pro Gear to build the FileCaster™ and Flypak™. These HD mobile content creation systems are optimized for webcasting using V-Sat satellite transmission to the Internet.

TV Pro Gear sales and design engineers are in a constant dialogue with manufacturers of equipment used to create and distribute IPTV programming. In addition, TVPG staff attend and often speak at industry related seminars, conventions and meetings. This constant monitoring of IP and Video technology ensures that IPTV systems designed and built by TV Pro Gear utilize the highest quality, most cost effective solutions.

Six Reasons to Have TV Pro Gear Design and Build Your IPTV Station All TV Pro Gear IPTV designed systems are:

  1. Designed to be easy to operate and maintain.

  2. Able to ingest and output in a variety of formats

  3. Designed to be easily expanded

  4. Built to be “Fail-Safe” with redundant components and battery back-ups.

  5. Complete solutions from content creation and ingest to output to the Internet

  6. Fully documented with complete and accurate “as built” CAD drawing and operations manuals.

TV Pro Gear IPTV systems deliver long-term savings because they are built to operate efficiently and reliably. If you are planning to build or upgrade your IPTV, call TV Pro Gear to schedule a “needs analysis” meeting. Our staff of designers and engineers will create a detail proposal to help you achieve your goals. We can even help you get financing. Call (818) 246-7100.

What is required to operate an IPTV Station? An IP television station (IPTVS) requires a lot of the same equipment and staff as a regular television station but on a smaller scale. The IP station will usually stream live material such as news, talk shows and pre-recorded content. The equipment needed is as follows:

A Stage with a three wall curved cyclorama, at least three cameras, telepropter, tripods, and dollies, lighting and grip equipment. Sets, stage flats and drapes, two dressing rooms and a makeup hair room.

A MCR (master control room) with a switcher (to do cuts, dissolves, wipes, superimpose graphics and titles), a title / character generator, remote controls for the cameras to adjust brightness and color An audio mixer, monitors and speakers Test and measurement equipment and Intercom stations (1 for each operator)

A Machine Room with a video router, video players for ingesting pre-recorded material, a programmable automated play-out server, an encoder (MPEG, Adobe Flash, ect.), test and measurement equipment and intercom stations.

Editing Rooms with a high end computer (usually Apple) with a video capture card (in the computer), monitors and speakers, editing software, an editing console.

Audio Sweetening Room with a high end computer (usually Apple) with audio mixing software, a sound mixing board, monitors, speakers, microphones, an ergo-nomic desk/console, a midi keyboard and a sound effects and music library

Scheduling Room with computer software for scheduling staff & equipment, computer software for playout scheduling.

Engineer’s office and repair shop with tools and test equipment, spare parts and a repair bench

Office Infrastructure including staff cubicles, a conference room, a kitchen, a reception area, a supply and janitorial closet, an accounting room, sales dept. room, shipping and Rec.

Technological Leader

TV Pro Gear is a technological leader in the deployment of streaming media as evidenced by the projects listed below:

  • Universal Studios made a $300 million dollar partnership with Verizon to stream video to cell phones. TV Pro Gear was contracted to build the new Network Operations Center. The company also built mobile trucks to stream NASCAR and Motocross races to cell phones.

  • When AT&T needed two ultra portable, ultra high-resolution, robotically controlled multi-camera production systems, they hired TV Pro Gear to design and manufacture them.

  • Recently, NBC and the NFL started live HD streaming of Sunday Night Football to the Internet. TV Pro Gear created the CAD drawings and wired the NOC (Network Operations Center) to achieve flawless viewing to millions of viewers.

  • Apple, Panasonic, Harris and ND- Satcom partnered with TV Pro Gear to build the FileCaster™ and Flypak™. These HD mobile content creation systems are optimized for webcasting using V-Sat satellite transmission to the Internet.

TV Pro Gear sales and design engineers are in a constant dialogue with manufacturers of equipment used to create and distribute IPTV programming. In addition, TVPG staff attend and often speak at industry related seminars, conventions and meetings. This constant monitoring of IP and Video technology ensures that IPTV systems designed and built by TV Pro Gear utilize the highest quality, most cost effective solutions.

The Integration Process

TV Pro Gear is the most thorough broadcast video systems integrator around. You won’t find anybody more capable or willing to guide through every process of designing and building a customized system. Our broadcast system integrations specialists follow a 6 step process which is outlined below.

Step 1: Needs Assessment

TV Pro Gear’s broadcast video systems integration specialists meet with you to discuss the projects you’ll be using your systems for to better understand your needs. Once this is defined, our team goes to work developing a project plan which includes a preliminary equipment list, design and total price.

Because of the in depth research that we put into the proposal stage, we require a deposit.

Step 2: Design

After signing an Integration Contract, we can begin the design phase of our process. We will submit for your approval detailed CAD Drawings and a finalized work flow and design concept.

Once the design is approved we begin building your system.

Step 3: Broadcast System Engineering

During the engineering phase, TV Pro Gear's experts will finalize the equipment list with a detailed rundown of everything that will go into making the design work. Because TV Pro Gear is a dealer for over 100 broadcast equipment manufacturers, our engineers are brand agnostic – meaning you get the best equipment for your project regardless of the brand name.

Additionally during this phase we will develop a Patch Layout, Rack Layout and detailed CAD Drawing of the Audio, Video, Wiring and Labeling components of your system.

Step 4: System Build

Once everything is finalized, our team will order and painstakingly test all the equipment to make sure it is functioning flawlessly. At this phase we pre-wire the systems. We give wiring as much focus as the equipment installation and overall design. We ensure a clean look for the finished product and clear labeling so you can be sure you’re unplugging the right piece of equipment. Each cable is thoroughly tested to make sure they will never fail to power or connect your gear.

Step 5: Installation and Testing

Once all the equipment is ready, our team will install and ready everything for use. Every aspect of the completed system is tested to make certain that it is functioning perfectly.

Every TVPG solution is accompanied by comprehensive documentation and drawings.

Step 6: Training and Support

Unlike other broadcast video system integrators, TV Pro Gear™ will not leave it up to you to figure out how to operate your new system. Our expert team provides thorough training, and we won't stop teaching until you're finished learning.

Six Reasons

Six Reasons to Have TV Pro Gear Design and Build Your IPTV Station. All TV Pro Gear IPTV designed systems are:

  1. Designed to be easy to operate and maintain
  2. Able to ingest and output in a variety of formats
  3. Designed to be easily expanded
  4. Built to be “Fail-Safe” with redundant components and battery back-ups
  5. Complete solutions from content creation and ingest to output to the Internet
  6. Fully documented with complete and accurate “as built” CAD drawing and operations manuals.

TV Pro Gear IPTV systems deliver long-term savings because they are built to operate efficiently and reliably. If you are planning to build or upgrade your IPTV, call TV Pro Gear to schedule a “needs analysis” meeting. Our staff of designers and engineers will create a detail proposal to help you achieve your goals. We can even help you get financing. Call (818) 246-7100.

How to Insure You Send Out the Highest Quality Video Stream

Of course video and audio quality are always important no matter what the form of content distribution. However, achieving the highest possible quality when streaming video to the Internet is demanding. There are a few things you need to know to make your stream as good as possible.

First of all, bandwidth is a limiting factor. Viewers with fast connections to the Internet will have sharper images and smoother motion than viewers with slower Internet connections. While you cannot control your viewers’ connection to the Internet, there are things you can do that will ensure that they get they best image quality possible given the speed of their connection.

Video must be compressed in order to transmit it over the Internet. All else equal, the more compression, the worse the image looks. But if the video is not compressed enough, it will not playback smoothly. So, it is always a compromise. Some images compress better than others. Compression works by describing a frame of video as a stream of 1’s and 0’s. Since the next frame is likely to be very similar to the preceding frame, the compression device (encoder) does something like this, “the next frame is the same as the last frame except for these differences”.

As you can imagine, a video in which the camera is constantly panning, tilting or zooming cannot be compressed as well as a static shot because there is so much difference from frame to frame. Also, a talking head can be compressed better than a shot of a basketball game where everyone is running around within the frame. Rule #1: Reduce the amount of panning and zooming for better compression.

Cheap cameras put out images that have more grain. Grain is also called video noise. If you think about it, that noise is constantly changing from frame to frame, thus it will not compress as well. Also, low light can result in an image with more grain. High-end cameras require less light for a full exposure. Hence, video from high quality cameras compresses better. Rule #2: Shoot with professional broadcast quality cameras.

If you are shooting an event with multiple cameras, they will feed into a switcher. The live cut output of the switcher will go into an Internet encoder. This device takes the real-time images, analyses them and applies a compression algorithm to them. The most common algorithm in use today is MPEG4 h.264. Uncompressed video runs at 168 million bits of information per second. It must be compressed to as little as 1 million bits per second. So a lot of information processing is going on at ultra high speeds. The do this requires an Internet encoder with a lot of horsepower (well actually is procession power as horses are not used for encoding). TV Pro Gear helped build the encoding center used to stream NFL/NBC football. We also helped build the streaming center used for the last Winter Olympics. Here is what we learned. Cheap encoders aren’t good. Good encoders aren’t cheap. Rule #3: When it comes to encoders, you get what you pay for.

TV Station Layout

This drawing is for a television station occupying 8,500 square feet (800 square meters). It includes spaces for all the functions that would normally be required to operate a small station 24/7. However, the required size of the station is directly affected by the number of hours of programming that must be produced each day and by the types of programming (i.e. news, talk shows, soap operas and so on),” The size and layout of every station TV Pro Gear builds is optimized to create a smooth working system.

For example, in this drawing notice how the placement of the control rooms and editing rooms are adjacent to the engineering and machine rooms. Specially attention is given to how a production physically flows from scripting, to shooting to post production. A correctly designed workflow leads to more efficient productions, on-time delivery, less employee frustration and lowered costs.

Please note, this station layout is by no means definitive. It is merely show to give the reader a general idea of what is required for a IPTV or TV station.

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